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Dear participants,
it is a great pleasure to invite you to the 18th Practical Course in Transcranial Brain Stimulation: Best Practice within the framework of the training program of the German Neuroscience Society (NWG).
This year it is organized as a collaboration between the Universities of Göttingen and Mainz, with days 1 to 3 in Mainz, and days 4 and 5 in Göttingen.
The program consists of lectures and discussions by renowned scientists covering
– the theoretical background on stimulation techniques
– their combination with neuroimaging and neurophysiology
– physiological mechanisms
– experimental paradigms, and
practical demonstrations and hands-on sessions in the afternoons.
The course will be held in English.
We look forward to seeing you in Mainz and Göttingen,
T.O. Bergmann & A. Antal


Andrea Antal


Ivan Chakalov






Tentative Program At A Glance

Event Schedule

  • Day 1 Mainz - Monday - July 25, 2022
  • Day 2 Mainz - Tuesday - July 26, 2022
  • Day 3 Mainz - Wednesday - July 27, 2022
  • Day 4 Göttingen - Thursday - July 28, 2022
  • Day 5 Göttingen - Friday - July 29, 2022
08:30 am
09:00 am
9:00 am
10:00 am
Prof. Walter Paulus

History of NIBS

10:00 am
11:00 am
Prof. Andreas Vlachos

Neurophysiology of TMS after-effects

Prof. Andrea Antal

Safety of TMS, tES and TUS

Prof. Til Ole Bergmann and Umair Hassan

Concurrent TMS-EEG and real-time application

Prof. Til Ole Bergmann and Dr. Angela Radetz

Concurrent TMS-fMRI

Prof. Andrea Antal

Clinical applications of tES

Prof. Michal Lavidor

Using tES for neuroenhancement

Dr. Elina Zmeykina and Dr. Ivan Chakalov

Novel TMS applications

09:00 am
10:00 am
Prof. Jürgen Brockmöller

Ethical considerations for NIBS

10:00 am
11:00 am
11:30 am
12:30 pm
Prof. Friedhelm Hummel

hd-tES and Temporal Interference

Prof. Axel Thielscher

Modeling E-fields in SimNIBS




  • BEST Toolbox
    Learn how to use the MATLAB-based BEST toolbox for designing, running, and analyzing NIBS studies in combination with EMG, EEG, and fMRI 
  • TMS-EMG basics: MEP hotspot & thresholds
    Learn how to find a good motor hotspot and how to determine the motor threshold
  • TMS-EMG advanced: paired-pulse protocols
    Learn how to apply and interpret paired-pulse protocols (e.g., SICI, LICI, ICF, LICF, SAI) to investigate facilitation and inhibition in intracortical circuits
rTMS applications: 1Hz/5Hz/TBS/PAS
Learn how to apply classical repetitive TMS protocols (e.g., 1Hz, 5Hz, theta burst stimulation, and paired associative stimulation)
  • Neuronavigation
    Learn how to prepare, plan and execute TMS coil positioning using a frameless stereotactic neuronavigation system
    Learn about the practical steps (e.g., EEG setup, hotspot search, masking noise) required to record high-quality concurrent TMS-EEG data 
  • TMS-fMRI
    Learn about the practical steps (e.g., subject positioning, TMS-coil navigation) required to record high-quality concurrent TMS-fMRI data
  • TUS
    Learn about the practical steps (e.g., use of coupling media, neuronavigation, noise masking) required to apply transcranial ultrasonic stimulation in humans


  1. tES basics
    Learn how to apply transcranial electrical stimulation (tDCS, tACS, tRNS) using different classical single-channel electrode montages
  2. tES clinical applications
    Learn how transcranial electrical stimulation is efficiently applied in a clinical setting
  3. Pitfalls in tES 
    Learn about the typical pitfalls of transcranial electrical stimulation
  4. hD tES & temporal interference stimulation
    Learn how to apply multi-electrode high-definition (HD) transcranial electrical stimulation and temporal interference stimulation
  5. TMS advanced applications: diaphragm & heart-brain interaction
    Learn how to use TMS to study the modulation of brain activity by visceral (respiratory, cardiac) inputs, including practical aspects and challenges of measuring evoked potentials from the diaphragm and ECG-guided TMS applications
  6. SimNIBS
    Learn how to use the basic functionalities of the SimNIBS software package to stimulate electric fields induced by tES and TMS in realistic head models

Get Your Tickets

NWG member (limited*)
  • Mainz + Göttingen€200
  • Mainz only€125
  • Göttingen only€75
Student (non-NWG)
  • Mainz + Göttingen€400
  • Mainz only€300
  • Göttingen only€200
Non-Student (non-NWG)
  • Mainz + Göttingen€730
  • Mainz only€450
  • Göttingen only€300

Refreshments and lunch will be provided and a bus transfer from Mainz to Göttingen is included. 

Separate participation just in the programme of Mainz or of Göttingen is also possible.

The student category includes undergraduate, postgraduate and PhD students. Proof of student-status may be requested on-site. Non-student refers to all other participants (post-doctoral researchers, clinicians and research/clinical staff).

* The number of NWG member tickets is limited. Once they are sold out, please note that this ticket option will be removed from the website.

Non-NWG participants from low and middle income countries (according to the World Bank definition) are able to register at a reduced registration fee for the full-course (fee reduction of 100€ for non-students and 50€ for students). Please note that this is in reference to the country of residence, i.e. affiliation, not country of origin.


Days 1-3 will take place in Mainz.
Talks in the mornings will take place at the conference room of the IntercityHotel Mainz.

Practical sessions in the afternoons will take place in the Neuroimaging Center (NIC) at the Johannes-Gutenberg University Medical Center Mainz (Langenbeckstr. 1, Bldg. 308c).

Days 4-5 will take place in the Department of Neurology at the University Medical Center, Göttingen (Robert-Koch-Str. 40). A shuttle service from Mainz to Göttingen has been organised.

Travel & Accommodation

Mainz can be easily reached by train or car. The closest airport is Frankfurt am Main (20 min from Mainz).

Göttingen is also easily accessible by train or car via the Autobahn A7. The closest airports are in Hannover and Frankfurt am Main. 

A shuttle service from Mainz to Göttingen has been organised.

Please note that any accommodation requirements will have to be self-arranged, but in Mainz a quota of rooms is reserved under the code “nibs-course” at the IntercityHotel Mainz.



Participants will be required to provide proof of vaccination or recovery and additionally get tested for the event. The exact measures will be adapted to the current pandemic situation and adhering to state and institute guidelines. 

The proof of vaccination and recovery needs to be valid according to the Paul Ehrlich Institute (for vaccination) and the Robert Koch Institute (for recovery).

Please check here again before the workshop start for updated information.

Organising committee